ื‘ืžืกื’ืจืช ืชื”ืœื™ืš ื”ืื™ืฉื•ืจย ืฉืœ ืžืกืจื™ื ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืชื™ื™ื ื‘ืื™ืจื•ืคื”, ืคืจืกืžื” EFSA ืžืงื‘ืฅ ืจื‘ื™ืขื™ ืฉืœ ื—ื•ื•ืช ื“ืขืช ืœื’ื‘ื™ ืžืกืจื™ื ืฉืื™ื ื ืžืชื™ื™ื—ืกื™ื ืœืžื—ืœื•ืช ืื• ืœื‘ืจื™ืื•ืช ื•ื”ืชืคืชื—ื•ืช ื™ืœื“ื™ื (General function claims). ืฉื™ืขื•ืจ ื”ื“ื—ื™ื™ื” ื”ื’ื‘ื•ื”, ืฉื–ื›ื” ื›ื‘ืจ ืœื‘ื™ืงื•ืจื•ืช ื ื•ืงื‘ื•ืช ื‘ืื™ืจื•ืคื”, ื ื™ื›ืจ ื’ื ื‘ืžืงื‘ืฅ ื–ื” ืฉื”ืชื™ื™ื—ืก ืœ 442 ืžืกืจื™ื. ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”"ืžืคืกื™ื“ื™ื" ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืžื ื•ืช ืงื‘ื•ืฆื” ืฉืœ ื—ื™ื™ื“ืงื™ื ืคืจื•ื‘ื™ื•ื˜ื™ื™ื ืฉืžืกืจื™ื ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืชื™ื™ื ื”ืงื•ืฉืจื™ื ื‘ื™ืŸ ืฆืจื™ื›ืชื ืœื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืคื—ืชื” ืฉืœ ืžื™ืงืจื•ืื•ืจื’ื ื™ื–ืžื™ื ืคืชื•ื’ื ื™ื™ื ื‘ืžืขื™, ืื• ื”ืฉืคืขื” ืขืœ ืžืขืจื›ืช ื”ื—ื™ืกื•ืŸ, ืœื ืื•ืฉืจื•. ื’ื ื”ืงืฉืจ ื‘ื™ืŸ ื‘ื˜ื-ืงืจื•ื˜ืŸ, ืœื™ืงื•ืคืŸ ื•ืœื•ื˜ืื™ืŸ (ื›ืœ ืื—ื“ ื‘ื ืคืจื“) ืœื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ื’ื ื” ืขืœ DNA, ื—ืœื‘ื•ื ื™ื ื•ืœื™ืคื™ื“ื™ื ืžืคื ื™ ื—ื™ืžืฆื•ืŸ ืื• ื”ื’ื ื” ืžืคื ื™ ื ื–ืงื™ ืงืจื™ื ืช ืฉืžืฉ ื ื“ื—ื” ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ EFSA. ย ื‘ EFSA ืฆื™ื™ื ื• ื›ื™ ื”ื‘ืขื™ื•ืช ื”ืขื™ืงืจื™ื•ืช ื”ื™ื• ื”ื’ื“ืจื” ืœื ืžืกืคืงืช ืฉืœ ื”ืจื›ื™ื‘ ื”ืกืคืฆื™ืคื™ ืขืœื™ื• ืžื‘ื•ืกืก ื”ืžืกืจ, ื”ื™ืขื“ืจ ื”ื•ื›ื—ื•ืช ื›ื™ ื”ืืคืงื˜ ื”ื ื˜ืขืŸ ืื›ืŸ ืžื•ืขื™ืœ ืœืฉื™ืžื•ืจ ืื• ืฉื™ืคื•ืจ ืฉืœ ืชืคืงื•ื“ื™ ื”ื’ื•ืฃ, ืื• ื”ื™ืขื“ืจ ื“ื™ื•ืง ืœื’ื‘ื™ ื”ืžืกืจ ื”ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืชื™ ื”ื ื˜ืขืŸ.

ื•ืžื™ ื”ื ื”ืžืจื•ื•ื™ื—ื™ื? ืชื—ืœื™ืคื™ ืกื•ื›ืจ ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ืงืกื™ืœื™ื˜ื•ืœ, ืกื•ืจื‘ื™ื˜ื•ืœ, ืžืœื˜ื™ื˜ื•ืœ ื•ืื—ืจื™ื ื”ื•ื›ืจื• ื›ืžืคื—ื™ืชื™ื ื“ืžื™ื ืจืœื™ื–ืฆื™ื” ืฉืœ ื”ืฉื™ื ื™ื™ื ืื ื ืฆืจื›ื™ื 4 ืžื–ื•ื ื•ืช/ืžืฉืงืื•ืช ื”ืžื›ื™ืœื™ื ืื•ืชื, ื‘ื™ื•ื. ื™ื—ื“ ืขื ื–ืืช, ืžื–ื•ื ื•ืช ืื• ืžืฉืงืื•ืช ื”ืžื›ื™ืœื™ื ืชื—ืœื™ืคื™ ืกื•ื›ืจ ืืœื• (Polyols) ื‘ืจืžื” ืฉืœ ืžืขืœ 10% ื ื“ืจืฉื™ื ืœืฉืืช ื”ืขืจื” ืขืœ ื’ื‘ื™ ื”ืชื•ื•ื™ืช ื›ื™ ืฆืจื™ื›ื” ืžื•ื’ื‘ืจืช ืฉืœ ืžื•ืฆืจื™ื ืืœื• ืขืฉื•ื™ื” ืœื’ืจื•ื ืœืชื•ืคืขื•ืช ืฉืœ ืฉืœืฉื•ืœ. ืื•ืชื” ืงื‘ื•ืฆื” ืฉืœ ืชื—ืœื™ืคื™ ืกื•ื›ืจ ืื•ืฉืจื” ื’ื ื›ืžืกื™ื™ืขืช ื‘ื”ืคื—ืชืช ื”ืชื’ื•ื‘ื” ื”ื’ืœื™ืงืžื™ืช ืœืื—ืจ ื”ืืจื•ื—ื” ื‘ื”ืฉื•ื•ืื” ืœืžื–ื•ื ื•ืช ื”ืžื›ื™ืœื™ื ืกื•ื›ืจ.

ืžืกืจื™ื ื ื•ืกืคื™ื ืฉืื•ืฉืจื• ื”ื ื”ืงืฉืจ ื‘ื™ืŸ ืฆืจื™ื›ืช ืžื™ื ืœื‘ื™ืŸ ืฉืžื™ืจื” ืขืœ ืชืคืงื•ื“ ืคื™ืกื™ ื•ืžื ื˜ืืœื™ ืชืงื™ืŸ ื•ื›ืŸ ืฉืžื™ืจื” ืขืœ ื•ื™ืกื•ืช ื—ื•ื ื”ื’ื•ืฃ ื‘ืฆืจื™ื›ื” ืฉืœ 2 ืœื™ื˜ืจ ื‘ื™ื•ื. ื’ื ื”ืžืกืจ ื”ืงื•ืฉืจ ื‘ื™ืŸ ืฆืจื™ื›ื” ืฉืœ ืœืคื—ื•ืช 75 ืž"ื’ ืœืžื ืช ืฆืจื™ื›ื” ืฉืœ ืงืคืื™ืŸ ืœื‘ื™ืŸ ืืคืงื˜ ืฉืœ ืฉืžื™ืจื” ืขืœ ืขืจื ื•ืช ื•ืจื™ื›ื•ื– ืื•ืฉืจ ื‘ืžืกื’ืจืช ื—ื•ื•ืช ื”ื“ืขืช ืฉืœ EFSA.

ืขื ืคืจืกื•ื ืžืงื‘ืฅ ื–ื”, ื”ืฉืœื™ืžื” EFSA ื”ืชื™ื™ื—ืกื•ืช ืœื› 80% ืžื”ื‘ืงืฉื•ืช ืœืื™ืฉื•ืจ ืžืกืจื™ื ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืชื™ื™ื. ืกื™ื•ื ื”ืชื”ืœื™ืš ืฆืคื•ื™ ื‘ื™ื•ื ื™ 2011.